Materiality Assessment 2024

29 April, 2024
ESG Materiality Assessment 2024

Does your business need materiality assessment?

These days, businesses are under increasing pressure to operate sustainably. It’s not just about profits anymore; it’s about the impact they have on the world around them. That’s where materiality assessment comes in. It’s like a roadmap for companies to figure out what sustainability issues matter most to them and their stakeholders.

Table of contents

What is materiality assessment?

A materiality assessment also called the “ESG materiality assessment” or a “sustainability materiality assessment” is an essential report that reveals a company’s impact on society, the economy, and the environment. This process helps the company collect and analyze necessary data that helps identify critical focus areas. The data also helps to prioritize areas that require attention. Companies, therefore, can take necessary actions like building sustainability plans, legal compliance, and the overall sustainability performance of the business.

Materiality assessment in financial reporting is performed over economic impacts. Similarly, ESG impact assessment additionally focuses its impact on environmental, social, and government matters. These reports help to get better insights to guide strategies and communication. 

Why is it important, and what is its impact? 

Materiality assessment is a mainstream supportive report that helps to formulate effective sustainable strategies by identifying the gaps. It also helps to draw specific targets and goals relevant to the company’s current situation, which helps to direct the efforts for the relative efforts. 

Also, making intentional and right investments is necessary for the companies to address the target issues most effectively and generate better results in the upcoming years. 

An assessment is required to address ESG issues that comply with important sustainability standards like Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) standards and European Sustainability Reporting Standards. 

Pre-requisite of an ESG materiality assessment

It is important to make sure that the materiality report aligns with the existing European Union regulations and legislation. This is a key step that will ensure that the companies are meeting their sustainability objectives. 

An effective assessment includes necessary data on the current status of activities affecting the company’s sustainability performance and overall carbon footprint. There should be necessary insights into how the organization is managing the issues and navigating the potential risks of the company. 

  1. Identifying the issues: The first aim of a sustainable assessment should be to identify the more relevant issues and prioritize them based on their impact intensity. 
  2. Reviewing the operations: Along with the issues, it is important to consider the overall performance of the company in terms of finance, engagement, production, and other stakeholder interests. This can help the company reassess the risks and create ways for better management. 
  3. Drawing action plan: The action plan includes addressing the issues, without affecting the company’s overall operations. The plan should outline an actionable plan for the company to achieve sustainable objectives with given resources. It should be measurable and tracked over time. 

How to conduct a materiality assessment 

Conducting assessments in a proper format according to regulations ensures relevance in the information. 

Defining and assessing the company’s sustainability goals

The first step is to conduct an overall assessment, which helps to identify and define the company’s goals. This also includes considering the current functions and external factors like environmental and societal conditions. This includes analyzing the business activities, models, value chains, and relations. 


Analyzing the gaps

The next step is to analyze the issues faced by the company by using several metrics to understand its importance. This will help the company to categorize the issues based on the severity of the problem. Using the synergies and previous analysis, a list of potential matters is explored under sustainability.


Prioritizing the focus areas

Once the issues are analyzed, the issues can be prioritized based on the urgent attention required over an area. There are many approaches based on which it can be prioritized like finances involved, effect on the operations, legal requirements, and so on. 


Developing an actionable plan

The plan includes the period to implement a strategy for each issue, a plan of action, and a management strategy. The company needs to make necessary improvements and arrangements like introducing new technology, to make sure that the strategy is implemented as suggested. It is important to create an impact and financial assessment which is further consolidated, considering its relation. 


Monitoring and altering the issues

The final step is to review the performance of the strategy and the variation of impact. It is also important to assess customer feedback, ratings, performances of various aspects, and stakeholder engagement. 

How to report the materiality assessment 

The reporting includes a consolidated assessment process by the requirements mentioned in ESRS 2 IRO-1, ESRS 2 SBM-3, AND ERS 2 IRO-2. 

These three standards signify three main considerations while preparing the report: 

  1. The standard process is to identify and analyze the impact of risk and opportunities. 
  2. Impacts, risk, and opportunity about its interaction with business operations. 
  3. Disclosure requirements are to be covered in the sustainability report. 

Using software and resources can help companies simplify their ESRS disclosures and reporting. Hiring the right professionals can help them reflect the outcomes of materiality assessments in a structured manner. It is important to find the right synergies between the existing framework and sustainability gaps. Professionals can help the company gain the right overview of the material outcomes and relative disclosures. 

Best Practices for Materiality Assessment

When it comes to conducting a successful assessment, following best practices is key to ensuring meaningful and impactful results. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. Clear Objectives: Start by defining clear objectives for the materiality assessment, outlining what you hope to achieve and how the results will inform your sustainability strategy.
  2. Stakeholder Engagement: Engage both internal and external stakeholders throughout the process to ensure diverse perspectives are considered. This includes employees, investors, customers, suppliers, and community representatives.
  3. Comprehensive Data Collection: Gather comprehensive data on environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues relevant to your business, using both quantitative and qualitative sources to capture a holistic view.
  4. Materiality Matrix: Develop a materiality matrix to visually prioritize sustainability issues based on their significance to your business and stakeholders. This matrix will serve as a roadmap for strategic decision-making.
  5. Transparency: Foster transparency by communicating openly about the assessment process, including methodologies, data sources, and key findings. Transparency builds trust and credibility with stakeholders.
  6. Data-Driven Decision-Making: Base decisions on data and evidence gathered during the assessment, rather than assumptions or anecdotal evidence. This ensures that actions are targeted and impactful.
  7. Regular Review and Updates: Materiality assessments should be dynamic and responsive to changing business and sustainability contexts. Schedule regular reviews and updates to ensure the assessment remains relevant and aligned with evolving priorities.

Importance of Engaging Internal and External Stakeholders

Engaging both internal and external stakeholders throughout the materiality assessment process is essential for several reasons:

  • Internal stakeholders, such as employees and management, provide valuable insights into the day-to-day operations and culture of the organization.
  • External stakeholders, including investors, customers, and communities, offer diverse perspectives and expectations that influence the company’s reputation and long-term success.
  • By involving stakeholders early and often, companies ensure that the materiality assessment reflects a broad range of interests and concerns, leading to more informed decision-making and stakeholder buy-in.

Emphasis on Transparency, Data-Driven Decision-Making, and Regular Review and Updates

Transparency is critical for building trust and credibility with stakeholders. By openly communicating about the assessment process, methodologies, and findings, companies demonstrate accountability and commitment to sustainability.

Data-driven decision-making ensures that actions are targeted and impactful, based on evidence and analysis rather than assumptions. Regular review and updates to the materiality assessment ensure that it remains relevant and aligned with evolving business priorities and sustainability challenges.

In summary, following best practices such as engaging stakeholders, fostering transparency, and using data-driven decision-making is essential for conducting a successful materiality assessment that drives meaningful change and creates long-term value for your company and stakeholders.

Challenges and Considerations


  1. Data Availability: Gathering reliable data on environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues can be challenging, especially for companies operating in complex supply chains or industries with limited reporting standards.
  2. Stakeholder Diversity: Engaging a diverse range of stakeholders with varying interests and priorities can be challenging. Ensuring representation from different stakeholder groups and effectively managing conflicting viewpoints requires careful planning and communication.
  3. Evolving Sustainability Priorities: Sustainability priorities and expectations are constantly evolving, driven by changes in regulations, market trends, and stakeholder demands. Keeping up with these shifts and adjusting materiality assessments accordingly can be a challenge.


  1. Contextual Relevance: Materiality assessments should be tailored to the specific context of the company, considering its industry, size, geography, and stakeholder profile. A one-size-fits-all approach may not capture the nuances of each organization’s sustainability challenges and opportunities.
  2. Materiality Thresholds: Setting materiality thresholds requires careful consideration to ensure that significant ESG issues are identified and prioritized effectively. Balancing the need for granularity with practicality and resource constraints is essential.
  3. Integration with Business Strategy: Integrating materiality assessment findings into the company’s overall business strategy requires alignment across different departments and functions. Ensuring that sustainability goals are embedded into core business processes and decision-making is critical for driving meaningful change.

Is a materiality assessment worth conducting for your company?

Whether conducting a materiality assessment is worth it for your company depends on various factors. Considerations include resource allocation, stakeholder expectations, and alignment with your business context and objectives. While materiality assessments require time, effort, and resources, the potential benefits may outweigh the investment for companies committed to sustainability and stakeholder engagement.

Ultimately, making an informed decision about conducting a materiality assessment involves weighing the potential benefits against the resources required and aligning the process with your company’s values and goals. By engaging with internal stakeholders and carefully evaluating your company’s priorities and strategic objectives, you can determine whether a materiality assessment is the right choice to drive sustainability and long-term value creation for your business.

Materiality Assessment Matrix and Reports of some top companies

1. H&M Materiality Assessment Report

H&M Materiality Assessment Matrix

2. Nestle
3. European Space Agency Materiality Matrix

Materiality Matrix European Space Agency 2024

4. JFK International Air Terminal


What is materiality assessment, and why is it important for businesses?

Materiality assessment evaluates the significance of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues to a business. It helps prioritize actions, enhance transparency, and build stakeholder trust.


How does materiality assessment contribute to corporate sustainability strategies?

Materiality assessment aligns sustainability efforts with business priorities by identifying key ESG issues. It guides strategic decision-making, risk management, and stakeholder engagement, fostering long-term value creation.


What are the key steps involved in conducting a materiality assessment?

Key steps include stakeholder engagement, data collection, issue identification, prioritization, and reporting. It’s a systematic process that ensures comprehensive evaluation and informed decision-making.


How do companies prioritize and determine material issues during the assessment process?

Companies prioritise material issues based on their significance to stakeholders, potential impacts on business performance, and alignment with corporate values and objectives.


What role do stakeholders play in the materiality assessment process?

Stakeholders provide valuable insights and perspectives that inform the materiality assessment. Their involvement ensures diverse viewpoints are considered, enhancing the credibility and relevance of the assessment.


Can materiality assessment help companies identify and mitigate risks?

Yes, materiality assessment helps identify and prioritise ESG risks, enabling companies to develop targeted mitigation strategies and enhance resilience against emerging challenges.


How often should companies conduct materiality assessments?

Materiality assessments should be conducted regularly, typically annually or biennially, to reflect changes in business operations, stakeholder expectations, and the external environment.


Are there any regulatory requirements or reporting frameworks related to materiality assessment?

Yes, regulatory bodies and reporting frameworks, such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), provide guidelines for materiality assessment and ESG reporting.


How can companies effectively communicate the results of their materiality assessments to stakeholders?

Companies can communicate materiality assessment results through sustainability reports, corporate websites, stakeholder engagement sessions, and other communication channels, ensuring transparency and accountability.


What are some examples of companies that have successfully implemented materiality assessment practices?

Companies like Unilever, Nike, and Microsoft have successfully implemented materiality assessment practices, aligning their sustainability efforts with business objectives and stakeholder expectations.


Why is materiality assessment important in ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) reporting?

Materiality assessment ensures that ESG reporting focuses on issues that are most relevant to the business and its stakeholders, enhancing transparency, credibility, and decision-making.


What is materiality in risk assessment, and how does it differ from other types of risk?

Materiality in risk assessment refers to the significance of a risk’s potential impact on a company’s financial performance or reputation. It differs from other types of risk by prioritizing risks based on their materiality to the business.


What is the 5% materiality rule, and how is it applied in financial reporting and auditing?

The 5% materiality rule, often used in financial reporting and auditing, states that an error or misstatement in financial statements is considered material if it exceeds 5% of a relevant financial benchmark, such as total assets or revenues.

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